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C. Mani

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இந்தப் பக்கத்தை தமிழில் வாசிக்க: சி.மணி

C. Mani

C. Mani (1936 - 2009) was a Tamil poet who wrote modern poetry (Pudhu Kavithai) and essays on modern poetry in Tamil. He is considered one of the pioneers of modern Tamil poetry. He was a poet who emerged from Ezhuthu Magazine and later ran a magazine named Nadai.

Birth, Education

C. Mani's given name is C. Palanisamy. He was born in 1936 in Salem, Tamilnadu

Personal Life

C. Mani worked as an English professor.

Literary Life

C. Mani was greatly fascinated by the thoughts of T.S. Eliot. He was actively involved in the discussions of the concepts of the modern poetry when the Ezhuthu magazine was launched in 1959. His poems were also published under the name C. Palanisamy. The poem Kuhai (The Cave), was published under the name C. Mani, and caught the readers’ attention. C. Mani, who continued to write poems, wrote a long poem called Naragam (The Hell) in 1962 influenced by T.S Elliott's The Waste Land[1]. Ezuthu magazine described it as an achievement in Tamil. In his Nadai magazine, in an article entitled Yappum Kavithaiyum (Meter and Poetry), he wrote extensively on the meter of modern poetry and its relationship to the poetic tradition.

C. Mani


From1968 to 1969, C. Mani and friends ran a magazine called Nadai in Salem.

Literary Significance

C. Mani was one of the pioneers of the Thamizh Pudhu Kavithai Iyakkam (Tamil Modern PoetryMovement). He wrote during a period when poetry moved from metered verse to free verse. He was in discussion with Na. Pichamurthy, Si.Su. Chellappa and Ka.Na. Subramanyam who wanted to create a theoretical background for the Modern Poetry in order to sustain the new form. C. Mani was the author of the first study of Modern Poetry in Tamil, 'Yappum Kavithaiyum. He proved that though one can establish the Modern Poetry as being free of meter, one can still see the continuity of the traditions of poetry in it. He presented it not only as a concept but also with creative evidence. Sukumaran mentions that C. Mani reworked the style of the traditional poem in the new form when many of his predecessors used prose language for poetry.

Gnanakoothan presents Vilakku awards to C. Mani


  • M. Karunanidhi Porkizhi award.
  • Tamil University Translation Award 1983, 1985.
  • Aasan Poetry award.
  • Poet Sirpi award.
  • Vilakku literary award 2002


C. Mani passed away on April 5, 2009.


  • Varum Pogum
  • Olicherkkai
  • Idhuvarai
  • Nagaram
  • Pachaiyin Nilavuppen
  • Nattiyakkalai
  • Uyarkudi
  • Alaivu
  • Gugai
  • Theervu
  • Mugamoodi
  • Pazhakkam
  • Paari
  • Yappum Kavithaiyum
  • Bouddham
  • Thondu kinarum Amaippum
  • Tao Te Zing



✅Finalised Page

First published on: 29-Sep-2022, 21:57:26 IST